Can SMSF Lend Money?

The Rules and Opportunities around SMSF lending

Self-managed super funds (SMSFs) offer Australians a unique way to control their retirement savings, but with great power comes great responsibility, including understanding the legalities and regulations surrounding SMSFs. One common question that arises is “Can SMSF lend money?” This article aims to demystify the complexities surrounding this topic, ensuring SMSF trustees make informed decisions while adhering to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) guidelines.

Understanding SMSF Lending Rules:

At its core, an SMSF is allowed to lend money, but strict regulations govern this process to protect the fund’s assets and ensure its primary purpose of providing retirement benefits to its members is not jeopardized. The Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 (SIS Act) outlines these rules, emphasizing that any lending or financial assistance to fund members or their relatives is strictly prohibited.

Lending to Third Parties:

SMSFs can lend money to third parties, such as unrelated businesses or individuals, under certain conditions. The investment must:

  • Be in line with the fund’s investment strategy, considering diversification, risk, and liquidity.
  • Provide a return to the fund that reflects the market rate and conditions to ensure members’ retirement benefits are not compromised.
  • Be documented with a formal loan agreement outlining the terms, including interest rate, repayment schedule, and collateral, if any.

The In-House Asset Rule:

An essential regulation to consider is the in-house asset rule, which restricts an SMSF from having more than 5% of its total assets in in-house assets. An in-house asset can include loans to, or investments in, related parties of the fund, and lending money can sometimes fall under this category, depending on the borrower’s relationship to the fund members.

Compliance and Penalties:

Failure to comply with SMSF lending rules can lead to significant penalties from the ATO, including fines and disqualification of trustees. Therefore, it’s crucial for SMSF trustees to seek professional advice before entering any lending arrangement to ensure compliance with the SIS Act and protect the fund’s assets.


While SMSFs can lend money, trustees must navigate a maze of regulations to ensure their actions are legal and in the best interest of the fund’s future. By understanding and adhering to the rules set out by the SIS Act and consulting with financial advisors, SMSF trustees can explore lending as a part of their investment strategy without compromising their fund’s compliance or objectives.

Remember, the primary goal of an SMSF is to provide financial security in retirement, and any investment decisions, including lending money, should align with this objective. By staying informed and cautious, SMSF trustees can make the most of their fund’s potential while steering clear of regulatory pitfalls.


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Sandra - SMSF Advisor

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